Physical and psychological dependence can occur if the drugs are used for longer periods of time or at higher doses than prescribed. Benzodiazepine use can cause slurred speech, disorientation, and lack of coordination. If taken with alcohol, use can lead to coma and possible death. The substance abuse alcohol vs drugs of family members and friends may also be of concern to individuals. Patterns of risk-taking behavior and dependency not only interfere in the lives of the abusers, but can also have a negative impact on the affected students’ academic work, emotional wellbeing and adjustment to college life.

alcohol vs drugs

An employer may not discriminate against a person who has a historyof drug addiction but who is not currently using drugs and who has been rehabilitated. Alcohol was found to be the most harmful drug to society and the fourth most harmful drug to users.Learn more about alcohol treatment without insurance. The World Health Organization estimates that risks linked to alcohol cause 2.5 million deaths a year from heart and liver disease, road accidents, suicides and cancer — accounting for 3.8 percent of all deaths. It is the third leading risk factor for premature death and disabilities worldwide. HALLUCINOGENS – This category includes phencyclidine (PCP or “angel dust”), ecstasy and other amphetamine variants which have mind-altering effects. Perception and cognition are impaired and muscular coordination decreases.

What’s worse: Alcohol or Drugs?

Alcohol plays a significant role in many chronic diseases, violence, and accidental injury. Each year, more than 1700 New Yorkers die of alcohol-related causes. People who use alcohol or drugs should review the below guidance to help stay safe during COVID-19. Alcohol consumption You can explore global, regional and national data on alcohol consumption and its health impacts in our full article here.

States with higher binge drinking rates also have higher rates of opioid overdose deaths involving alcohol. Illicit drug use You can explore global, regional and national data on the prevalence and health impacts of illicit drug use – which includes opioids, cocaine, amphetamines and cannabis here. There is no clear universal relationship between the two; whilst most countries have a higher prevalence of alcohol dependence relative to other drugs, this is not true for all countries. It is also the case that a given country having a high rate of alcoholism does not imply it also has high rates of other drug use disorders .


Additionally, the ICSD reported that psilocybin mushrooms were the least harmful drug, only scoring 5 points. Acamprosate also affects certain chemical messengers (i.e., neurotransmitters) in the brain . Although the FDA approved acamprosate for the treatment of alcohol dependence, research with this medication has produced mixed results.

The First Circuit also noted that the ADA does not require an employer to rehire a former employee who was lawfully discharged for disability-related failures to meet its legitimate job requirements. The plaintiffs were held to be current users and, despite the fact that they had entered or had completed a drug rehabilitation program, were not protected by the ADA. The definition of current is critical because the ADA only excludes someone from protection when that person is a current user of illegal drugs.